This report presents information about potential lead hazards in housing. Elevated exposure to lead can cause serious health effects, particularly by disrupting normal neurological development in young children. Lead exposure typically occurs in and around the house as a result of deteriorating lead-based paint, lead-contaminated dust, and lead-contaminated soil. Scorecard uses a variety of indicators to identify areas with housing at high risk of lead contamination. The report allows you to rank your community based on the extent of potential lead contamination problems, and provides you with opportunities to take action to clean up your home and community.
Data Sources: Scorecard uses housing and demographic measures from the 2000 Census as indicators of potential lead hazards. Other sources used to characterize lead hazards include the CDC report Surveillance for Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Children - US, 1997-2001 (Sept. 2003) and The Second National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals.
NOTE: Potential hot spots of lead hazards in housing are identified based on hazard indicators, not lead monitoring data. Because local data on lead contamination are generally unavailable, Scorecard relies on housing and demographic indicators to identify areas with housing that has a high risk of lead hazards. Scientific studies have demonstrated that housing built prior to 1950 and households with income below the poverty threshold have an elevated risk of lead contamination. Scorecard uses data from the 2000 U.S. Census for both of these risk factors to estimate potential lead hazards in housing.