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Superfund Site Report: WHITE CHEMICAL CORP.
  • Map Locating Superfund Site
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  • Site Description
    Stage of Clean-up: Construction Underway

    Conditions at Proposal (May 9, 1991): White Chemical Corp. occupies a 4.4-acre site at 660 Frelinghuysen Avenue in a densely populated residential/industrial section of Newark, Essex County , New Jersey. Acid chlorides and flame-retardant chemicals were manufactured on property owned by AZS Corp. from January 1984 to July 1990. Prior to May 1983, Lancaster Chemical Corp., a divisi on of AZS, manufactured chemicals on the property. The site orig inally consisted of three major buildings, including laboratories , storerooms, and grounds. It is bounded by an industrial center to the north-northeast, a feather company to the west, a sportsw ear manufacturer to the south-southwest, and a Conrail line to the east-southeast. The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP ) inspected the facility several times in 1989 and found numerous violations of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. On Ma rch 15, 1990, NJDEP served White Chemical and AZS an Administrati ve Order and Notice of Civil Administrative Penalty Assessment fo r the noted violations. On May 8, 1990, NJDEP ordered White Chem ical to secure the site and to pay for drum stabilization and rem oval. After the company failed to comply, NJDEP began a removal operation on May 15, 1990. NJDEP's inventory found (among other things) approximately 9,000 drums improperly stored on-site.  More...

    Sources of Contamination:
    • Manufacturing process
    • Other
    • Storage - drums/containers of waste
    • Storage - finished product
    • Storage - raw material
    • Waste tank - above ground
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  • Threats and Contaminants
    Approximately 12,000 people are estimated to live and work within a one-quarter mile radius of the site, and could have been at risk if a catastrophic event occurred at the site. Potentially exposed populations included nearby residents, workers, trespassers, fire-fighting personnel and railway commuters. The predominant route of exposure was inhalation for all of the exposed populations, and direct contact for trespassers or fire-fighting personnel.

    Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic adverse health effects have been associated with many of the contaminants identified on the site. Chronic inhalation of or direct contact with site contaminants by the populations would be expected to result in deleterious effects.

    Site circumstances suggested that the previously unstable situation could have led to a catastrophic release of hazardous material that would likely have affected the surrounding community. Mixtures of incompatible substances could have caused fire, explosion, or release of vapors. Improper storage of incompatible substances on site could have resulted in a rapidly spreading fire upon uncontrolled release, which could have involved large quantities of flammable and toxic materials and resulted in a significant airborne release of toxic organic and inorganic chemicals. Many of the substances were reactive upon contact with moisture or air, and capable of forming toxic and irritating substances.  More...

    Contaminants Detected

    Air Soil Other

    Groundwater and Drinking Water

    Were drinking water wells shut down due to contamination? Yes
    Population served by the wells now shut down: No data
    Are drinking water wells potentially threatened? No
    Aquifer discharges into: Surface water
    Population served by water wells in the aquifer: 0
    List ground water uses.

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  • Pre-Cleanup Rankings
    EPA Hazard Ranking System scores for WHITE CHEMICAL CORP.:

    Less Hazard National Average More Hazard
    0%         50%         100%

    No HRS scores were associated with this site

    Rank Superfund sites in the U.S., NEW JERSEY, or in ESSEX County by EPA Hazard Ranking Scores.

    *Note: EPA's Hazard Ranking System is designed to screen and prioritize sites for the Superfund program, based on limited data available at time of listing. These scores are not based on a comprehensive risk assessment of the site and do not reflect conditions after initiation of cleanup work.
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  • Site Information
    EPA ID: NJD980755623
    Address: 660 FRELINGHUYSEN AVE
    NEWARK, NJ 07114
    Other Names: WHITE CHEMICAL
    Site Ownership: Private
    Category of Site: Chemical Plant
    Date of Final Listing on the NPL: September 25, 1991
    List Standard Industrial Classifications (SIC) associated with current and past activities at the WHITE CHEMICAL CORP. Superfund site.
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  • Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) Involvement
    Number of PRPs currently associated with this site: 6
    Hazardous waste received from off-site generators/transporters? Yes
    Number of past and present PRPs who contributed less than 1% of the waste: 101 - 500
    Number of owners/operators which are also municipalities: 0

    List Potentially Responsible Parties identified by U.S. EPA as associated with the WHITE CHEMICAL CORP. Superfund site.
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