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Superfund Site Report: WASH KING LAUNDRY
  • Map Locating Superfund Site
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  • Site Description
    Stage of Clean-up: Construction Completed

    Conditions at listing (December 1982): Wash King Laundry, a small privately owned laundromat, has been in operation in Pleasant Plains Township, Lake County, Michigan, since 1962. During the early 1970s, dry cleaning solvents were discharged with laundry wastes to the facility's waste water lagoons. As a result, about 30 residential water supplies to the north were contaminated with PERCHLOROETHYLENE (PCE). PCE contamination was first detected in August 1977 in a well used by a local business. In 1978, the State cleaned out the laundromat's lagoons and forced the firm to stop using PCE. A preliminary study conducted in 1979 by the State established that Wash King Laundry was responsible for the PCE contamination. A contaminated plume of ground water is migrating to the northeast toward the Middle Branch of the Pere Marquette River. Status (July 1983): EPA is preparing a Remedial Action Master Plan outlining the investigations needed to determine the full extent of cleanup required at the site. It will guide further actions at the site.

    Sources of Contamination:
    • Lagoon disposal
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  • Threats and Contaminants
    Contaminants detected in the groundwater included PCE, TCE, 1,1-DICHLOROETHYLENE, BORON, LEAD, ARSENIC and pesticides. The contaminated groundwater plume extends from the seepage lagoons to the Pere Marquette River. Lagoons used for laundry discharge and minor amounts of sludge contain PCE as well as LEAD and ARSENIC. Drinking or coming into direct contact with contaminated groundwater or lagoon sediments may pose a health risk.

    Contaminants Detected

    Air Soil Other

    Groundwater and Drinking Water

    Were drinking water wells shut down due to contamination? Yes
    Population served by the wells now shut down: 25 - 100
    Are drinking water wells potentially threatened? No
    Aquifer discharges into: Surface water
    Population served by water wells in the aquifer: 25 - 100
    List ground water uses.
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  • Pre-Cleanup Rankings
    EPA Hazard Ranking System scores for WASH KING LAUNDRY:

    Less Hazard National Average More Hazard
    0%         50%         100%

    Overall site:
    Surface water migration:
    Ground water migration:

    Rank Superfund sites in the U.S., MICHIGAN, or in LAKE County by EPA Hazard Ranking Scores.

    *Note: EPA's Hazard Ranking System is designed to screen and prioritize sites for the Superfund program, based on limited data available at time of listing. These scores are not based on a comprehensive risk assessment of the site and do not reflect conditions after initiation of cleanup work.
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  • Site Information
    EPA ID: MID980701247
    Address: NW1/4 SEC22 T17N R13W
    Site Ownership: Private
    Category of Site: Pure Lagoons
    Date of Final Listing on the NPL: September 08, 1983
    List Standard Industrial Classifications (SIC) associated with current and past activities at the WASH KING LAUNDRY Superfund site.
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  • Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) Involvement
    Number of PRPs currently associated with this site: 1
    Hazardous waste received from off-site generators/transporters? No
    Number of past and present PRPs who contributed less than 1% of the waste: 0

    List Potentially Responsible Parties identified by U.S. EPA as associated with the WASH KING LAUNDRY Superfund site.
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