POLLUTION LOCATOR| Superfund | Superfund Site Report

Superfund Site Report: BOFORS NOBEL, INC.
  • Map Locating Superfund Site
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  • Site Description
    Stage of Clean-up: Construction Underway

    Conditions at proposal (June 24, 1988): Bofors Nobel, Inc., manufactured benzidene and 3,3-DICHLOROBENZIDENE (DCB) on a 50-acre site in Muskegon, Muskegon County, Michigan, during 1960-76. Process water consisting mostly of CALCIUM SULFATE and the two chemicals was disposed of in unlined lagoons. The dikes around the lagoons failed in 1975, releasing an estimated 2 million gallons of waste into nearby Big Black Creek. The lagoon area was fenced in the summer of 1987. Bofors Nobel (a subsidiary of Nobel Industries, a Swedish Company) manufactured herbicides from 1976 to early 1987, when it sold the plant to Lomac, Inc. Process wastes are transported to a hazardous waste facility regulated under Subtitle C of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.  More...

    Sources of Contamination:
    • Dumping - unauthorized
    • Lagoon disposal
    • Manufacturing process
    • Waste tank - above ground
    • Waste tank - below ground
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  • Threats and Contaminants
    Twenty-seven different organic compounds are present in lagoon sludges, underlying soils, and groundwater. The compounds of main concern are: Groundwater- METHYLENE CHLORIDE, BENZENE, 3,3'-DICHLOROBENZIDINE, ANILINE, azobenzene, BENZIDINE, and toluene; Soils and Lagoon Sludge- METHYLENE CHLORIDE, BENZENE, 3,3'-DICHLOROBENZIDINE, ANILINE, azobenzene, and BENZIDINE.

    Contaminants Detected

    Air Soil Other

    Groundwater and Drinking Water

    Were drinking water wells shut down due to contamination? No
    Are drinking water wells potentially threatened? No
    Aquifer discharges into: A sensitive ecological environment
      Surface water
    Population served by water wells in the aquifer: 0
    List ground water uses.
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  • Pre-Cleanup Rankings
    EPA Hazard Ranking System scores for BOFORS NOBEL, INC.:

    Less Hazard National Average More Hazard
    0%         50%         100%

    Overall site:
    Surface water migration:
    Ground water migration:

    Rank Superfund sites in the U.S., MICHIGAN, or in MUSKEGON County by EPA Hazard Ranking Scores.

    *Note: EPA's Hazard Ranking System is designed to screen and prioritize sites for the Superfund program, based on limited data available at time of listing. These scores are not based on a comprehensive risk assessment of the site and do not reflect conditions after initiation of cleanup work.
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  • Site Information
    Site Name: BOFORS NOBEL, INC.
    EPA ID: MID006030373
    Address: MUSKEGON, MI 49443
    Site Ownership: Other
    Category of Site: No data
    Date of Final Listing on the NPL: March 31, 1989
    List Standard Industrial Classifications (SIC) associated with current and past activities at the BOFORS NOBEL, INC. Superfund site.
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  • Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) Involvement
    Number of PRPs currently associated with this site: 0
    Hazardous waste received from off-site generators/transporters? No
    Number of past and present PRPs who contributed less than 1% of the waste: 0
    Number of owners/operators which are also municipalities: 0
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  • Links
    EPA Site Information Scorecard reports for this site on: Scorecard reports for MUSKEGON County on:
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