Stage of Clean-up: Construction Completed
Conditions at proposal (September 18, 1985): The Columbus Old Municipal Landfill #1 covers 10 to 12 acres on the East Fork of the White River in Columbus, Bartholomew County, Indiana. From the early l950s through the late l960s, the city operated the landfill, accepting municipal waste and about 3.5 million gallons of industrial wastes. It had no permits. According to a waste generator, Cummins Engine Co., the industrial wastes included solvents, acids, bases, paints, PCBS, and HEAVY METALS. After closing the old landfill, Columbus opened a new landfill. The old landfill is unlined and in permeable soils. It is covered with a permeable layer of sand and gravel on which grass has grown. Wastes were deposited on the surface, and the site forms a low barrier between the surrounding farmlands and the river. Ground water is contaminated with LEAD and CHROMIUM, according to tests conducted by EPA in August 1985. The geology and location of the site are such that area surface water is threatened. About 31,000 people depend on wells within 3 miles of the site as a source of drinking water. The White River, 100 feet from the site, is a prime fishing stream. More...
Sources of Contamination:
- Manufacturing process