The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid, the federal agency that oversees the Medicaid program, requires blood lead screening for all children enrolled in Medicaid at 12 and 24 months, and for any child 36-72 months of age who has no record of prior screening.
OTHER ROUTES OF EXPOSURE
Although more children are poisoned by exposure to lead dust from lead-based paint in older homes than by any other source, lead can also be found in soil, water, air and food. Soil in the vicinity of the home may be contaminated from flaking exterior lead-based paint or previous deposits of leaded gasoline. Children then play in that dirt and directly ingest it, or track it into the home on the bottoms of their shoes. Lead may enter drinking water from the solder used to join metal pipes. Those who work in construction, demolition, painting, radiator repair shops, lead factories, with batteries, or enjoy a hobby that involves lead are often exposed to lead. Lead particles may be carried home on clothing, shoes, or hair, putting family members in jeopardy. Other less common sources include food and drink stored in leaded crystal, lead soldered cans, or lead glazed ceramicware, hobbies that involve lead, and home remedies and cosmetics that are popular in some cultures.