POLLUTION LOCATOR|Demographic Categories Used in Environmental Justice Analyses

For every geographic area in the U.S., Scorecard shows the impact of specific environmental burdens on particular subgroups within the population, as compared to the rest of the population in that area. Scorecard shows comparative impacts on the following demographic groups:

Race / Ethnicity
Compares pollution distributions between Whites and People of Color.

Income
Compares pollution distributions among families earning more than $15,000 annually (high income) versus families earning less than $15,000 (low income).

Poverty
Compares pollution distributions between families living below the federal poverty line versus those living above the poverty line. For the 1990 Census, the federally defined poverty line was $12,575 per year for a family of four.

Education
Compares pollution distributions between residents over 25 years old who finished high school (highschool graduates) versus those who did not complete high school (non-highschool graduates).
Job Classification
Compares pollution distributions between working class residents versus non-working class residents. Working class residents include people working in occupations such as clerical and administrative support, sales, private household and other service occupations, craft and transportation workers, and laborers.

Home Ownership
Compares pollution distributions between homeowners and renters. Homeownership is an indicator of community wealth and assets. While income tends to reflect disposable cash, wealth is a better measure of a family's economic safety net. Homeownership may also be an indicator of community political strength, particularly since homeowners tend to be more active politically.
Percent Non-English Speakers
Percentage of people 18 years and older in a census tract, county, or state who do not speak English proficiently.

Percent Non-Citizens
Percentage of residents in a census tract, county, or state who are not US citizens.