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Summary Report: PENNSYLVANIA

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  • Distribution of Environmental Burdens in PENNSYLVANIA

    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY RACE/ETHNICITY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    People of Color 96000  0.44
    Whites 220000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    People of Color 630  2.25
    Whites 280

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    People of Color .17  1.21
    Whites .14

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    People of Color 10  4.00
    Whites 2.5


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY INCOME

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 260000  1.24
    High Income Families 210000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 360  1.20
    High Income Families 300

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Low Income Families .13  0.93
    High Income Families .14

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 5.2  2.00
    High Income Families 2.6


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY POVERTY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 270000  1.29
    Families Above Poverty 210000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 400  1.33
    Families Above Poverty 300

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty .13  0.93
    Families Above Poverty .14

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 6.5  2.41
    Families Above Poverty 2.7


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY CHILDHOOD POVERTY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 280000  1.40
    Kids Above Poverty 200000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 410  1.37
    Kids Above Poverty 300

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty .13  0.93
    Kids Above Poverty .14

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 6.8  2.62
    Kids Above Poverty 2.6


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY EDUCATION

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 220000  1.10
    Highschool Graduates 200000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 350  1.13
    Highschool Graduates 310

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates .16  1.14
    Highschool Graduates .14

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 4.6  1.59
    Highschool Graduates 2.9


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY JOB CLASSIFICATION

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Working Class People 210000  1.31
    Non-Working Class People 160000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Working Class People 310  0.94
    Non-Working Class People 330

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Working Class People .15  1.07
    Non-Working Class People .14

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Working Class People 3.1  0.97
    Non-Working Class People 3.2


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY HOME OWNERSHIP

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Renters 210000  1.05
    Homeowners 200000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Renters 320  0.82
    Homeowners 390

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Renters .15  0.88
    Homeowners .17

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Renters 2.9  0.48
    Homeowners 6.1


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  • Locator for Unequal Burdens
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  • Comparative Analyses of Environmental Justice in PENNSYLVANIA
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