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Summary Report: MICHIGAN

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  • Distribution of Environmental Burdens in MICHIGAN

    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY RACE/ETHNICITY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    People of Color 110000  0.79
    Whites 140000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    People of Color 410  1.86
    Whites 220

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    People of Color .096  1.33
    Whites .072

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    People of Color 8.9  2.97
    Whites 3


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY INCOME

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 140000  1.00
    High Income Families 140000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 290  1.21
    High Income Families 240

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Low Income Families .1  1.52
    High Income Families .066

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 6.2  1.88
    High Income Families 3.3


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY POVERTY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 140000  1.00
    Families Above Poverty 140000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 320  1.33
    Families Above Poverty 240

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty .11  1.64
    Families Above Poverty .067

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 7.3  2.21
    Families Above Poverty 3.3


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY CHILDHOOD POVERTY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 150000  1.07
    Kids Above Poverty 140000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 330  1.43
    Kids Above Poverty 230

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty .12  1.74
    Kids Above Poverty .069

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 7.5  2.27
    Kids Above Poverty 3.3


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY EDUCATION

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 150000  1.15
    Highschool Graduates 130000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 280  1.17
    Highschool Graduates 240

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates .085  1.23
    Highschool Graduates .069

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 5.6  1.60
    Highschool Graduates 3.5


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY JOB CLASSIFICATION

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Working Class People 150000  1.15
    Non-Working Class People 130000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Working Class People 240  1.00
    Non-Working Class People 240

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Working Class People .077  1.20
    Non-Working Class People .064

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Working Class People 3.7  1.19
    Non-Working Class People 3.1


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY HOME OWNERSHIP

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Renters 130000  0.87
    Homeowners 150000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Renters 250  0.83
    Homeowners 300

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Renters .073  0.66
    Homeowners .11

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Renters 3.6  0.56
    Homeowners 6.4


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  • Locator for Unequal Burdens
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  • Comparative Analyses of Environmental Justice in MICHIGAN
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