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Summary Report: YORK County

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  • Distribution of Environmental Burdens in YORK County

    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY RACE/ETHNICITY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    People of Color 170000  0.47
    Whites 360000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    People of Color 550  2.04
    Whites 270

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    People of Color .0059  0.49
    Whites .012

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    People of Color 14  5.60
    Whites 2.5


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY INCOME

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 240000  0.67
    High Income Families 360000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 380  1.41
    High Income Families 270

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Low Income Families .0087  0.72
    High Income Families .012

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Low Income Families 6.7  2.91
    High Income Families 2.3


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY POVERTY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 220000  0.63
    Families Above Poverty 350000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 450  1.67
    Families Above Poverty 270

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty .007  0.58
    Families Above Poverty .012

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Families Below Poverty 9.7  4.04
    Families Above Poverty 2.4


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY CHILDHOOD POVERTY

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 200000  0.50
    Kids Above Poverty 400000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 480  1.78
    Kids Above Poverty 270

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty .0057  0.52
    Kids Above Poverty .011

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Kids Below Poverty 11  4.40
    Kids Above Poverty 2.5


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY EDUCATION

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 320000  0.94
    Highschool Graduates 340000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 310  1.15
    Highschool Graduates 270

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates .012  1.00
    Highschool Graduates .012

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Non-Highschool Graduates 3.9  1.50
    Highschool Graduates 2.6


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY JOB CLASSIFICATION

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Working Class People 380000  1.19
    Non-Working Class People 320000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Working Class People 280  1.08
    Non-Working Class People 260

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Working Class People .011  0.92
    Non-Working Class People .012

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Working Class People 2.9  1.26
    Non-Working Class People 2.3


    DISTRIBUTION OF BURDENS BY HOME OWNERSHIP

    Releases of Toxic Chemicals
    (indicator of chemical releases)   Ratio
    Renters 330000  1.43
    Homeowners 230000

    Cancer Risks from Hazardous Air Pollutants
    (added risk per 1,000,000)   Ratio
    Renters 280  0.70
    Homeowners 400

    Superfund Sites
    (sites per square mile)   Ratio
    Renters .012  1.29
    Homeowners .0093

    Facilities Emitting Criteria Air Pollutants
    (facilities per square mile)   Ratio
    Renters 2.5  0.37
    Homeowners 6.7


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  • Locator for Unequal Burdens
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  • Comparative Analyses of Environmental Justice in YORK County
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