CHEMICAL PROFILES|Scorecard's Source for Data on Pesticides

Scorecard chemical use reports contain information about pesticides from the Pesticide Product Information System (PPIS), which is maintained by the U.S. EPA Office of Pesticide Programs. PPIS contains information concerning all pesticide products registered in the United States. It includes registrant name and address, chemical ingredients, toxicity category, product names brand names, pesticide type, site or pest uses, formulation code, and registration status.

PESTICIDE REGISTRATION
Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), all pesticides sold or distributed in the United States must be registered by U.S. EPA, based on scientific studies showing that they can be used without posing unreasonable risks to people or the environment. EPA obtains and reviews studies from pesticide producers, describing the human health and environmental effects of each pesticide; and may then adopt various regulatory controls to manage each pesticide's risks.

The registration process is the key to the pesticide management system in the U.S., but it has several important limitations. The product-by-product registration process requires case-by-case assessments of pesticide risks that are time-consuming and frequently contentious. As a consequence, most pesticides in current use have not been thoroughly evaluated for potential risks. Reregistration is still pending for over 80% of the top 50 high-volume pesticides in agricultural use in the United States. Premarket screening during the pesticide registration process has largely failed to prevent the use of pesticides that pose high occupational risks, and few pesticides have been removed from the market once they have become an important input in commodity production.

PESTICDE PRODUCT INFORMATION
EPA, Office of Office of Pesticide Programs. Pesticide Product Information System. http://www.epa.gov/opppmsd1/PPISdata/. Pesticide data compiled from FIFRA Section 3 Product Information Files.

PPIS Databases Online
http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/epa/epamenu.htm

LIST OF REGISTERED PESTICIDES
Registered Pesticides (Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act)